tickPart of the Amino Acid group
tickMuscle Builder
How does it work?
HMB-1000 is a blend of the metabolites beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB™) and alpha-ketoisocaproate (KIC), allowing athletes to experience the combined effects of these proven supplements. HMB™ is a metabolite of the amino acid leucine, found in protein-rich foods such as fish and milk. Depending on total protein and leucine intake, HMB™ production in the body may average about one-quarter to one gram per day. KIC is a keto acid of the amino acid leucine. Branched-chain keto acids are very similar to branched-chain amino acids, the only difference being the presence of a keto group instead of an amino group. HMB™ and KIC are anti-catabolic, which means they contribute to muscle growth by helping to move the body from a catabolic (muscle wasting) to anabolic (muscle building) state. Research suggests that the benefits of KIC may only be attained when combined with precise amounts of HMB™, as in HMB-1000.

Per three capsules:
Maxi-HMB™ (enzymatic metabolite of Leucine): 3000 milligrams
KIC (Alpha-ketoisocaproic acid): 300 milligrams
How does it work?
Every muscle in your body is made up of millions of muscle cells. When you exercise, these cells are subject to tremendous amounts of stress. Think of them like a car tyre - when you train, you create several punctures in the tyre. Proteins then leak from these damaged cells until they are repaired several days later. In simple terms, HMB™ and KIC plug the leaks in muscle cells, leading to greater gains in lean mass, muscle strength and a reduction in muscle damage during periods of intense training.

HMB™ and KIC have been the subject of scientific scrutiny since the mid 1990's, and several studies report impressive findings. For example, Dr. Steve Nissen and a team of researchers followed a group of men for three weeks [2]. Gains in lean muscle were almost three times greater in the group using HMB™. In addition, muscle strength doubled in the HMB™ group.

Researchers at Iowa State University tested two groups of runners (one group using HMB™, while the others took a dummy supplement). After six weeks of supplementation, both groups took part in a 20-kilometer run. One day after the run, cell damage was 58% higher in the subjects not using HMB™. The positive effect of HMB supplementation was still present four days after the run, with HMB™ users showing 9% less muscle damage [1].

HMB-1000 is suitable for all athletes wanting to gain lean muscle size and strength, or preserve muscle tissue and enhance recovery from intense exercise. This includes bodybuilders, rugby players and sprinters, but also endurance athletes, such as runners, cyclists and triathletes (who perform very catabolic exercise). HMB-1000 may also preserve muscle tissue when dieting, which is vital to maintaining an efficient metabolism.
How do I use it?
Take 1 capsule, 3 times daily with meals.
What results can I expect?
HMB™ has a significant effect on muscle size and strength within 2-3 weeks. Most users report greater strength levels after 10-12 days. HMB™ works well when combined with a high protein diet, so make sure you're consuming at least one gram of protein for every pound of bodyweight.

1. Stevens BR, Godfrey MD, Kaminski TW, Braith RW (2000) High-intensity dynamic human muscle performance enhanced by a metabolic intervention. Med 1. Di Pasquale MG (1997) Amino Acids and Proteins for the Athlete: The Anabolic Edge. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press
2. Nissen, S., Sharp, R., Ray, M., Rathmacher, J.A., Rice, D., Fuller, J.C., Connelly, A.S., & Abdumrad, N. (1996). Effect of leucine metabolite b-hydroxy-b-methylbutyrate on muscle metabolism during resistance-exercise training. Journal of Applied Physiology, 81, 2095-2104

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