Viper Extreme Caps

tickBoosts energy
tickMood enhancer
tickAids recovery
tickStimulant
How does it work?
Viper Extreme Caps contain a blend of herbal extracts, amino acids, vitamins and other nutrients designed to provide a rapid mental and physical "surge" in energy.

Per 2 Capsules:
L-Carnitine: 500 milligrams
L-Tyrosine: 250 milligrams
Bitter Orange Peel: 150 milligrams
Caffeine: 100 milligrams
Ginkgo Biloba Extract (24/6): 60 milligrams
Guarana Extract: 50 milligrams
Vitamin B5: 10 milligrams
How does it work?
L-Carnitine
A naturally active nutrient found in small quantities in milk, carnitine is made in the body from the amino acids, lysine and methionine. Carefully controlled studies show that L-Carnitine increases the use of fat for energy. It works by protecting against a carnitine deficiency in the cells that make up the inside of your blood vessels. By protecting against carnitine depletion, carnitine improves the delivery of oxygen to the working muscle during and after exercise [11]. More interesting still, research presented at the 25th National Strength and Conditioning Association conference shows that Carnitine is highly effective for increasing testosterone levels. What's more, Carnitine has also been shown to reduce muscle damage. A trial published in the American Journal of Physiology shows that muscle "disruption" and soreness several days after exercise was reduced by almost 50% when Carnitine was used [12].

L-Tyrosine
Tyrosine is a nonessential amino acid. It acts as a "building block" for several important brain chemicals, all of which work to regulate mood [5]. Tyrosine is also involved in the synthesis of enkephalins (pronounced en-keff-a-lins), substances that have pain-relieving effects. Human and animal research shows that tyrosine helps your body adapt to and cope with the effects of physical or psychological stress (such as intense regular exercise) [4, 7]. Tyrosine can also help to offset the negative effects of sleep deprivation, and can leave you feeling more alert and energetic [6].

Bitter Orange Peel
Bitter Orange Peel contains compounds that are structurally similar to ephedrine. However, these compounds are a "calmer" alternative to ephedrine, though they do have similar effects in terms of providing an energy boost.

Caffeine
Caffeine is one of the most effective performance-enhancing ingredients available. Most studies show that caffeine is a quick and easy way to boost your energy levels, gain strength and generate more intensity during your workouts [1,2]. Although many people like to have a strong cup of coffee in the hope that it will have the same effect, it's well known that coffee doesn't work as well as caffeine. While scientists don't really know why, it appears that one or more of the substances in coffee interferes with the effects of caffeine [3].

Ginkgo Biloba
Ginkgo biloba is one of the oldest living tree species. Its leaves are among the most extensively studied botanicals in use today. In Europe, Ginkgo biloba is among the best-selling herbal medications. Ginkgo is widely touted as a "brain herb" and is often used to boost memory and enhance mental performance [10]. Scientific studies lend support to many of these traditional uses. Specifically, Ginkgo appears to be particularly effective at increasing blood flow to the brain. Ginkgo leaves also contain two types of chemicals (flavonoids and terpenoids) believed to have potent antioxidant properties. Antioxidants such as those found in ginkgo can neutralise free radicals - damaging compounds in the body that alter cell membranes and tamper with DNA - and can reduce or even help prevent some of the damage they cause [10]. Ginkgo also improves exercise performance by making your circulation more efficient, probably by regulating the tone and elasticity of blood vessels [9]. Ginkgo Biloba has also been shown to lower cortisol levels, a hormone which breaks down muscle tissue [15].

Guarana Extract
Guaraná comes from the seeds of a South American shrub, most of which originates in Brazil. The seeds of guaraná are known to be rich in caffeine, and have been widely used as a tonic in many South American countries. Guaraná has a powerful effect on increasing the metabolic rate, suppressing your appetite and enhancing both physical and mental performance.

Vitamin B5
Vitamin B5, also called pantothenic acid, is one of eight water-soluble B vitamins. All B vitamins help the body to convert carbohydrates into glucose (sugar), which is "burned" to produce energy. In addition to playing a role in the breakdown of fats and carbohydrates for energy, Vitamin B5 is critical to the manufacture of red blood cells as well as sex and stress-related hormones produced in the adrenal glands. Sometimes referred to as the "anti-stress" vitamin, it's believed to strengthen the immune system and improve your body's ability to withstand stressful conditions.
How do I use it?
Take 2-3 capsules 15-30 minutes before exercise or whenever extra energy and motivation is required. Avoid taking before bedtime as insomnia may occur.
What results can I expect?
Viper Extreme Caps provides a mental and physical "surge" in energy 15-30 minutes after use.

1. Spriet, L.L. (1995). Caffeine and performance. International Journal of Sport Nutrition, 5, S84-99
2. Doherty, M. (1998). The effects of caffeine on the maximal accumulated oxygen deficit and short-term running performance. International Journal of Sport Nutrition, 8, 95-104
3. Graham, T.E., Hibbert, E., & Sathasivam, P. (1998). Metabolic and exercise endurance effects of coffee and caffeine ingestion. Journal of Applied Physiology, 85, 883-889
4. Deijen, J.B., & Orlebeke, J.F. (1994). Effect of tyrosine on cognitive function and blood pressure under stress. Brain Research Bulletin, 33, 319-323
5. Fernstrom, J.D. (2000). Can nutrient supplements modify brain function? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 71, 1669S-1675S
6. Kelly, G.S. (1999). Nutritional and botanical interventions to assist with the adaptation to stress. Alternative Medicine Reviews, 4940, 249-265
7. Wagenmakers, A.J. (1999). Amino acid supplements to improve athletic performance. Current Opinions in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, 2, 539-544
9. Jung, F., Mrowietz, C., Kiesewetter, H., & Wenzel, E. (1990). Effect of Ginkgo biloba on fluidity of blood and peripheral microcirculation in volunteers. Arzneimittelforschung, 40, 589-593
10. Diamond, B.J., Shiflett, S.C., Feiwel, N., Matheis, R.J., Noskin, O., Richards, J.A., & Schoenberger, N.E. (2000). Ginkgo biloba extract: mechanisms and clinical indications. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 81, 669-678
11. Kraemer, W.J. & Volek, J.S. (2000). L-Carnitine supplementation for athlete. A new perspective. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 44, 88-89
12. Volek, J.S., Kraemer, W.J., Rubin, M.R., Gomez, A.L., Ratamess, N.A., & Gaynor, P. (2002). L-Carnitine L-tartrate supplementation favorably affects markers of recovery from exercise stress. American Journal of Physiology, 282, E474-E482
15. Jezova, D., Duncko, R., Lassanova, M., Kriska, M., & Moncek, F.J (2002). Reduction of rise in blood pressure and cortisol release during stress by Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb 761) in healthy volunteers. Physiology and Pharmacology, 53, 337-348

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